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The IEA estimates that by 2050 energy demand from space cooling will triple. Entering into force in 2019, the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol seeks to reduce the global warming impacts of air conditioners and refrigerators through reducing the use of refrigerants with strong global warming effects. Such a shift in refrigerant offers a great opportunity for energy efficiency improvements during appliance re-engineering.

Web Resource

National Energy Efficiency Authority has a role of energy efficiency agency that has information on all activities in the field of energy efficiency in Croatia. It has a database with all achieved savings, which is a key tool for reporting and defining of new measures that are necessary for achieving national energy efficiency objective.

Tool / Instrument

PUBLEnEf project aims to assist European Union Member States in implementing effective and efficient sustainable energy policies (with the focus on energy efficiency) and empower them to make use of the best practices and policy processes implemented in other Member States at the national, regional and/or local level.


La actual situación energética en los países de la América del Sur necesita un cambio radical: aumentar el uso de fuentes de energía renovables y tener un uso más eficiente de la energía, también alineándose con los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible 7, 8 y 13. Una de las soluciones más interesante (y necesaria) es el desarrollo de sistemas urbanos eficientes para calefacción y refrigeración, a través de proyectos de energía distrital.


Among the various transport modes, shipping is one of the most efficient cargo transport. Yet, the significant growth of seaborne trade increased the energy consumption of shipping, despite of the improvement in the energy efficiency of shipping engines. According to the International Maritime Association, global fuel shipping consumption increased from 291 to 298 million tonnes (+2.4%) from 2013 to 2015. Thus, the global shipping emissions amplified quantitatively.