Mountains are large landforms raised above the surface of the earth emerging into peaks and ranges. Mountains occupy 22% of the world’s land surface area and are home to about 13% of the world’s population (FAO 2015). While about 915 million people live in mountainous region, less than 150 million people live above 2,500 m above sea level (masl), and only 20–30 million people live above 3,000 masl.
In 2017 several leading climate analysis organizations came together as part of the Mission 2020 campaign to define 6 milestones—in energy, transport, land use, industry, infrastructure, and finance—that would need to be met by 2020 to bend the curve in global GHG emissions and put the world on a pathway consistent with the Paris Agreement. To achieve each milestone, the organizations identified two or more outcomes, and this working paper takes stock of progress made toward those outcomes.
Like many other sub-Sahara countries, expanding access to modern energy is the top priority on the country’s energy policy agenda and strategies for sustainable development. However, Malawi has a low electrification rate, estimated at 11% in 2016 (World Bank, 2018b). Over 80% of Malawians depend on traditional use of biomass.
This report gives an overview of public funding allocation for the renovation of buildings in Poland.
In the past two decades, Vietnam has been experiencing rapid economic growth, with GDP growing by 6.8 percent in 2017. Economic growth has resulted in significant improvement in the quality of the people’s lives and poverty reduction. In 2015, Vietnam became a net energy importer with an import share of energy at 5%, which is expected to grow. By 2035, total final energy demand is estimated to increase by 2.5 times from the level of 54 Mtoe in 2015.